Proper Maternal Diet To Avoid Birth Defects (Part 2)

June 26, 2015

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Structural or functional abnormalities present at birth can result in physical and mental disabilities, but are also the leading cause of death in infants less than 1 year of age.

Birth defects can be prevented by taking up the proper maternal nutrition or dietary supplements. It is vital that future moms get on proper maternal diet both prior to and during pregnancy. Let’s take a closer look at some of the conditions caused by improper diet.

Congenital Heart Disease

Pregnant women with a low intake of vitamins B2 and B3 are at risk of giving birth to babies with congenital heart disease. Low-fat dairy products, liver and green leafy vegetables are all excellent sources of vitamin B3, while B3 can be found in chicken, fish, liver, nuts, and whole grains.

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Vitamin B12, vitamin E, calcium, retinol, and selenium are crucial for preventing congenital diaphragmatic hernia in newborns.

This disease causes an opening in the infant’s diaphragm resulting in the contents of the abdomen protruding into the thoracic cavity.

Diets that are rich in aforementioned nutrients, alongside taking all the necessary vitamin supplements, significantly reduce the risk of getting CDH.

Cleft Palate

A cleft palate is a birth defect in which the roof of the mouth does not completely close during the development of a newborn. In order to prevent this defect, pregnant women should pay attention to their intake of folic acid.


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